Obesity is not only just about heavy weight. It is also about the other medical conditions that gradually develop in ones body pushing them to their death. But surgical procedures, commonly known as weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery procedures help extensively to eradicate obesity along with their problems. Here are the most common bariatric surgery procedures and all the details that you need to know about them:
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric bypass surgery is performed to reduce the patient’s appetite by cutting and connecting a small portion of the stomach to the small intestine.
Gastric bypass surgery, also known as roux-en-Y, involves cutting out of the top portion of the stomach connected to the esophagus in the shape of a small pouch. The small intestine is further cut and then attached to the bottom of the roux limb.
Advantages of the procedure
With the help of gastric bypass surgery one can experience 60 – 70% weight loss. Some even loose weight for about 18 – 24 months.
As this surgical procedure cuts down the appetite and weight of the patient many of the other problems, which go hand-in-hand with obesity, like diabetes and high blood pressure are also reduced.
The cost of a gastric bypass surgery in India starts from USD 6,000.
- In Hospital: 3 days
- In India: 10 days
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Like gastric bypass surgery, gastric sleeve surgery or sleeve gastrectomy helps one to lose weight and curtail a significant amount of their appetite.
Gastric sleeve surgery is performed either with a laparoscopic approach or with the help of an open incision. Unlike gastric bypass, this procedure only concentrates on cutting down large portions of the stomach in the shape of a thin vertical sleeve or tube.
Though regular follow up is necessary, gastric sleeve surgery reduces more than half of the patient’s body weight. As the ghrelin hormone is removed during the surgery, appetite of the patient is reduced and he or she can have any food in small quantities.
The cost of gastric sleeve surgery in India is approximately USD 5,300.
- In hospital: 3 days
- In India: 10 days
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
Gastric Banding is one such bariatric or weight loss surgery whose procedure can be reversed.
After making small incisions (laparoscopy) on the belly, the bariatric surgeon would tie a silicone band around the upper part of the stomach that gives it a squeezed pouch-like form. The silicone band is connected to a device just under the skin with the help of a plastic tube. Doctor can change the tightness of the band by injecting or removing saline from the band with the help of the device.
Advantages of gastric band
Since it is a reversible procedure, it is less risky than the other bariatric procedures. In the first two years of the surgery, patients will experience 50 – 60% reduction in their weight.
The cost of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding surgery in India approximately amounts to USD 5,000
- In Hospital: 1 day
- In India: 6 days
Duodenal switch also known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch or gastric reduction duodenal switch is performed to reduce the span of time given to the body to absorb calories as well as to partially prevent the absorption of fat.
A large portion of about 70% of the stomach is removed along with the duodenum while a longer portion of the small intestine is rerouted creating two separate paths and one common channel (the portion of the small intestine).
The shorter path is known as the digestive loop whereas the longer path is called biliopancreatic loop. Before travelling to the large intestine, the food content from the digestive loop and the bile from the biliopancreatic loop mix in the common channel.
This arrangement allows the body very less time to absorb calories and fat, thus, playing an important path in the reduction of weight.
The advantages of duodenal switch include recovery from diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, sleep apnea, degenerative joint disease, depression, hypertension and many other health conditions. The surgery procedure though complex reduces the patients body weight almost by 80% in a year.
The cost of duodenal switch in India starts from USD 5,200.
- In hospital: 1 day
- In India: 15 days
Laparoscopic Biliopancreatic Diversion
Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion is another malabsorptive surgical procedure that checks the absorption of calories and fat in the bloodstream.
The procedure initially involves the removal of two-third of the stomach. After that, the first two parts of the small intestine, the duodenum and the jejunam is bypassed to shorten it. Finally, the illium (later part of the small intestine) is attached to the remaining portion of the stomach. The surgery is performed laparoscopically.
Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion improves health as well as mobility. This surgery procedure is also adjustable and partially reversible. Almost 75 – 80% of weight loss is maintained even after a decade post operation.
The cost of laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion in India starts from USD 6,000.
- In hospital: 6 days
- In India: 11 days