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Study Reveals Newly Uncovered Anatomy That Protects and Monitors Brain

  • Advances in neuro-imaging and molecular biology have enabled the discovery of the anatomy that shields and monitors the brain.

  • The study was published in a Science journal and describes a previously unknown component of brain anatomy.

  • The study has a transformational effect on scientists' understanding of the fundamental mechanics of the human brain.

  • This acts as a protective barrier and the platform from which immune cells monitor the brain for infection and inflammation.

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  • The study was conducted in Maiken Nedergaard's lab, who is co-director of the Center for Translational Neuromedicine at the University of Rochester and the University of Copenhagen.

  • This study has led to significant findings in the field of neuroscience, including detailing the functions of previously overlooked cells in the brain called "glia." In this study, a unique process of waste removal by the brain was named the glymphatic system by the lab.

  • "SLYM, or Subarachnoidal LYmphatic-Like Membrane, was the name given to the newly discovered membrane. It is a type of membrane called mesothelium, which also lines other human organs like the heart and lungs. It is very thin and delicate, consisting of only a few cells' thicknesses. It also supports its immune defences,", says Nedergaard.

  • This new membrane has also been found to line other human organs, like the heart and lungs. 

  • The SLYM seems to allow only very small molecules to transit and separate clean and dirty CSF.

  • SLYM is an important component of the brain’s defence, which hosts its own population of central nervous systems that use surveillance at the surface of the brain. 

  • It will aid future research into scanning the brain for signs of infection. 

Best Neurosurgery Hospitals in World:
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Source- Science Daily

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radhikak Author Name
radhikak
Last updated: 25 Jan 2023

Radhika Kadamdhad has studied chemical engineering but finds interest in penning thoughts on healthcare and the environment. She is passionate about advancements in healthcare and technology and likes to express it through writing. 

 

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