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What is the best treatment for herniated disc in lower back


Herniated lumbar disc is a condition in which the soft, central portion bulges out beyond the damaged outer rings. The leaking of its inner material can aggravate a nerve or trigger back or leg pain.


herniated disc


  • Pain on one side of the body.

  • Pain extending towards the arms or legs.

  • Pain starting from low back and radiating towards the back of the thigh and leg.

  • Numbness or tingling in the leg.

  • Weakness in one side of the body.


The most successful and most common treatment for herniated disc in microdiscectomy.


What is microdiscectomy?

It is a minimally invasive procedure to remove the herniated disc to treat the pain by relieving pressure on spinal nerves.



  1. The surgery is done under general anesthesia with the patient lying on the table facing downwards.

  2. An incision is made over the affected area on the back.

  3. Then, with the help of a microscopic camera and a slight amount of bone cutting (if needed), the surgeon approaches the herniated disk

  4. With the help of a scissor-like tool, the herniated tissue is removed, relieving pressure on the pressed nerve.




Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive procedure. Hence, the patient is discharged within 24 hours from the surgery.

The patient is able to resume back to his normal life within 2-4 weeks. He /she will need to consult a physical therapist or an occupational therapist, who render guidance related to certain body postures and movement that will be needed to avoid. Also, the patient will be told about the exercises to strengthen the muscles and bones of the spine.

After the surgery, a person needs to avoid bending, climbing and lifting heavy loads (more than 5 pounds). He should also avoid long drives or sitting for long hours.


A patient named Zeinab Mohamed from Sudan felt a sudden severe pain in his low back while lifting some heavy weight. After making all the efforts in vain for about 2 weeks, he came to India, where he was advised to have microdiscectomy surgery for L4/L5 extruded herniated disc. While returning back after a successful surgery, he said, “ I must say that the surgical procedures are highly advanced with better outcomes than they were 10 years ago”.  When recently contacted about his condition, he was perfectly fine and living his life normally.


Cost in India

The cost of microdiscectomy in India is usually affordable. However, it varies according to the hospitals.  


Success rate

Microdiscectomy is relatively a safe procedure and the complications are rare. This procedure has a success rate of 90-95%. The complications might include bleeding, infection, dural tear, nerve root damage etc

A comparative research was conducted recently to know the difference in the results of surgical and non- surgical treatment. The score for pain, function, and disability was significantly lower for microdiscectomy. It also reported causing significant improvement in sciatica symptoms, patient’s confidence, and overall well-being.

Not only this, compared to other surgeries, microdiscectomy has been considered the best option by the doctors because this is a minimally invasive procedure and hence provides easier recovery.

Several latest techniques are used in the best hospital for microdiscectomy in India, which raise the success rate of the surgery.


Author Name
Dr. Kavreen Arora

Published Date
: 28-Sep-2018

Dr. Kavreen Arora

Dr. Kavreen studied medicine and actively practised for few years before she decided to share her knowledge through medical blogs and articles. Since then, Dr. Kavreen has written several articles about the recent advances in various medical treatments, life expectancies, and the best hospitals & doctors across the nation. 

She is a keen observer and likes to keep herself updated with the new technologies. She is an avid reader and an earnest writer in the medical field.

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