The liver is responsible for digestion of food, storage of energy and removal of toxic substances from the body. If there is any abnormality found in the functions of the liver, it is essential to do the Liver Function Test or LFT to find out the exact cause behind the problem. The Liver Function Test helps the doctor in analysing the number of proteins, enzymes, and certain other substances such as:
- Total protein
- Amount of bilirubin (Bilirubin is a part of bile juices secreted by the liver when the Red Blood Cells break down)
- Prothrombin time (the time taken for the blood to clot)
- Liver enzymes such as ALT (alanine transaminase), AST (aspartate transaminase), ALP (alkaline phosphatase), AND GGT (gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase).
- Albumin (another form of protein).
Read more about the Liver Function Test.
Why is the Liver Function Test done?
LFT is can be recommended for several purposes that include,
- Liver infections such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis C etc
- To analyse the extent of a chronic illness such as alcoholic hepatitis.
- To monitor the effectiveness of a particular treatment
- To evaluate the side effect of certain medication
- To know the stage of the extent of a certain disease.
- To know the reason behind the symptoms like dark urine, light-coloured stool, not able to eat, vomiting, abdominal swelling etc.
You may also want to know about the best liver doctors in India.
What does each component of LFT indicate about liver health?
ALT or Alanine Transaminase test - ALT is used for metabolization of protein in the body to produce energy for the liver cells. Any damage in the liver can lead to the release of an increased amount of ALT into the bloodstream, therefore causing an increase in ALT levels. If the ALT levels are more than 25 IU/L in women and 33 IU/L in men, further evaluation is suggested.
AST or Aspartate aminotransferase - AST is found in many body parts like heart, liver, muscles etc. It is examined as an additional measure to ALT to analyse liver-related disorders. High levels of AST indicate some damage to the liver or muscles in the body. In adults, the normal range of AST is up to 40 IU/L.
Alkaline phosphatase - It is an enzyme found in the bones, bile ducts and the liver. It is usually recommended in addition to some other tests. High levels of ALP indicate liver inflammation, bony disorders or obstruction in the bile ducts. The normal range of ALP is up to 120 IU/L in adults.
Albumin - It is the most important protein made in the liver. It has the following functions to perform such as:
- Inhibiting the fluid to leak from the blood vessels
- Nourishment of the tissues
- Transportation of hormones, vitamins and other substances throughout the body.
The normal range of albumin is around 3.5 -5.0 grams per deciliter. Low albumin levels may indicate kidney disease, infection, inflammation and lack of nutrition. For more information about Albumin and its role in the body, click here.
Bilirubin - It is secreted as a result of Red Blood Cells and passes through the liver before getting excreted out of the body. High levels of bilirubin may indicate damage to the liver. Normal bilirubin levels are 0.1 to 0.2 mg/dL.
Gamma-glutamyltransferase - GGT is an enzyme present in the blood. Higher levels indicate damage to the liver or bile duct. Normal levels are 9-48 units/litre.
L-lactate dehydrogenase - This enzyme is found in the liver. Normal levels are 140-280 units per litre.
Prothrombin time - Liver is responsible for the secretion of enzymes that help in the clotting of blood. Prothrombin time is the time taken by the body to clot the body. If PT is delayed, it indicates damage to the liver.
For more information, click here.
Cost of LFT test in Delhi
New Delhi is the capital city of India, having a globally renowned liver hospital with international accreditation. The doctors are able to perform several complex surgeries with great precision. The average cost of Liver Function Test in Delhi is approximately around 500 INR to 1200 INR. You may get the test done in the following diagnostic centres:
- Patodia diagnostic centre
- Metropolis health care
- Modern Diagnostic centre
- Jain Diagnostic centre
- Dharamshila super speciality hospital
LFT test cost in Hyderabad
Hyderabad has nearly 50 hospitals in the public sector having a bed facility of more than 5800. It also has 165 hospitals in the private sector, 4000 clinics, and 500 diagnostic centres. The good thing is the healthcare system in Hyderabad follows international standards for safety and hygiene. The private sectors, however, provide better quality in healthcare services. There is less waiting time, value for money and treatment is done with great precision. As a city, the city is rich in heritage and culture. It is also well connected to many other major cities around. If you are looking to get an LFT in Hyderabad, it may cost you around between 400 INR to 900 INR. Some of the commonly known labs for LFT in Hyderabad are:
- Columbia clinic
- Kaveri Diagnostic centre
- HK hospital
- Bangalore hospital
- SLN Diagnostic centre
- Lifecare hospital
- Daya laboratories
LFT test cost in Gurgaon
Gurgaon is well-planned with huge space availability and infrastructure. The hospitals have employed several experienced and qualified teams providing the treatment at affordable costs. It is the biggest cities in India and also known as IT hub of the country. When it comes to medical tourism, it is on a rapid progression in the city. There are several ways to commute from one place to another. There are cabs, metro, autos, buses, etc. You can book a seat at the click of a button. The average cost of LFT in Gurgaon is 800 INR. The common labs are:
- Apex diagnostic centre
- Standard diagnostic centre
- Gurgaon Diagnostic centre
- TK diagnostic centre
LFT test cost in Pune
Pune is known for pleasant weather during most days of the year. It is greener than any city in the nation. It provides excellent healthcare services by highly qualified professionals without much waiting time which is usually spent in completing the formalities. There are many reputed hospitals for complex surgeries like joint replacement, spine-related disorders, etc. Not just this, the treatment is done at an affordable cost. Additionally, when it comes to staying in Pune, you may not want to go back at the end of your treatment. The average cost for the NT test in Pune is 700 USD. Some of the most popular laboratories in Pune are listed below:
- Icon Diagnostics
- Crystal Diagnostics
- AB Diagnostics centre
- Jagtap hospital
- Ketkar imaging centre
LFT test cost in Kolkata
Kolkata is famous for its historical landmarks and excellent cuisine. It has a rich heritage. Most of the residents here are well educated. Some of the best educational institutes are located in Kolkata. It is also well known for high quality in healthcare services without any long queues for waiting. The hospitals work with highly qualified medical staff, who is also well-versed in speaking English. There are many language-interpreters working with these hospitals, who are multi-linguistic. Kolkata is a well-connected city which has its own airport and widely connected to other major cities. The average cost of the HSG test in Kolkata is around 900 INR. You can get the test in any of the following labs:
- Review diagnostics
- Spiral Diagnostics Pvt Ltd.
- Probe Diagnostics Pvt Ltd.
- Medi point
- Millennium Health care
Why you must consult Vaidam Health if you are thinking of visiting India for medical treatment?
We are the ISO certified medical travel facilitating company in the country which is considered to be one of the best. We provide you with the best medical tour packages for any treatment so that you can lead a healthy life again. As soon as we get a query from you on our website’s Enquiry section, we provide you with a list of the best doctors and hospitals in India. Conference calls are also arranged by us where you can talk directly to your preferred doctors in India and also give an estimation of the cost of your medical treatment. We recommend you hotel, guest houses and 3 to 5-star hotels in close proximity to the hospital so that you or your loved one doesn’t face any trouble. Pick-up and drop facilities to the airport, assistance in the application of your visa, and recreations during the stay are also organised by the team. The operations team manager is there stays by your side during the whole treatment procedure. He not only takes care of your medical requirements but also provides you with other facilities like shopping and sightseeing. He makes sure that he is by your side 24/7.