Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a minimally invasive procedure involving replacing a damaged aortic valve with a new valve without the need for open-heart surgery. TAVI has revolutionized the treatment of aortic stenosis, a condition in which the aortic valve narrows and restricts blood flow.
TAVI procedure is less invasive than traditional open-heart surgery, but it is still a major procedure, and patients need to be prepared for a recovery period. The recovery period after TAVI surgery varies from person to person and can take several weeks or months.
What is TAVI?
TAVI is a procedure that is performed using a catheter, which is inserted through a small incision in the leg or chest. The new valve is then positioned and expanded to replace the damaged valve. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and takes approximately 1-2 hours.
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A team of cardiologists, anesthesiologists, and surgeons performs the TAVI heart surgery. The patient is given general anesthesia, and a catheter is inserted through a small incision in the leg or chest. The new valve is then positioned and expanded to replace the damaged valve. The procedure typically takes 1-2 hours, and patients can go home the same day or within a day or two.
TAVI Procedure Recovery
Patients can generally expect to spend several days in the hospital after the procedure. Patients will be monitored for complications and receive necessary medical treatments during this time. After being discharged from the hospital, patients can expect to be tired and may experience some pain and discomfort.
Physical Activity After TAVI
After TAVI, limiting physical activity for the first few weeks is essential. This allows the body time to heal and reduces the risk of complications. Patients should avoid heavy lifting, pushing or pulling heavy objects, and strenuous exercise during this time.
After TAVI, patients will be given several medications to help manage pain and prevent infection. This may include pain relievers, antibiotics, and blood thinners. Patients should take these medications exactly as prescribed and should not stop taking them without first speaking with their doctor.
After TAVI, it is vital to maintain a healthy diet. Patients should eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. They should also avoid unhealthy foods, such as junk food, sugary drinks, and processed foods.
After TAVI, patients will need to attend follow-up appointments with their doctor. During these appointments, their doctor will check their progress and make any necessary adjustments to their treatment plan. Patients should attend all scheduled follow-up appointments and contact their doctor immediately if they experience any concerning symptoms.
TAVI is a minimally invasive procedure that can benefit patients with aortic stenosis. However, patients must be prepared for recovery for several weeks or months.
During this time, patients should limit physical activity, take their medications as prescribed, maintain a healthy diet, and attend all follow-up appointments with their doctor. With the right care and attention, patients can fully recover and enjoy an improved quality of life.