Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a procedure done to improve the blood flow to the heart. The surgery is mostly indicated to the patients who have coronary artery disease or severe heart blockage. The blood vessels are bypassed over the blocked vessel to forge another pathway for blood flow to the heart.
India is known as a medical hub with the provision of world-class infrastructure and increasingly skilled doctors who treat the patients with precision and accuracy. Another important facade is the heart bypass treatment cost in India, which is very low as compared to that in other western countries like the US.
What is the cost of heart bypass surgery in India?
The average cost of coronary artery bypass surgery in India revolves around 4500 USD. However, the exact cost is determined by a number of factors, which are listed below:
Type of CABG - These days, there are two types of methods that could be used to perform the surgery; *the conventional open heart surgery and minimally invasive surgery. The later is more expensive than the former because it is less invasive and promotes a speedy recovery.
*In the traditional form of surgery, the chest bone is opened wide and the heart-lung bypass machine to keep the blood and oxygen flow is smooth. Whereas in minimally invasive technique the surgery is performed only by making a small incision.
Type of the hospital- The popularity and experience of the hospital also act as a deciding factor for the cost of the surgery. Hospitals such as Medanta hospital and Fortis hospital are quite expensive as compared to others.
Type of accommodation - There are several types of rooms available in India such as super deluxe room, deluxe room, and standard rooms. The charges may also vary with the type of room services, nurse fee, and meals.
The expertise of the doctor - The experience and skill of the doctor is another vital factor deciding the cost of the surgery.
Some other charges such as diagnostic procedures, investigations, medications, and follow-ups also add on to the cost.
What is the difference between on pump and off-pump CABG?
Off-pump surgery is different from the conventional on-pump surgery as it allows the surgeon to perform the procedure while the heart is still functioning. It is usually recommended for those who have a single-vessel disease. The heart-lung machine is not used. Rather, other equipment is used to stabilize the portion of the heart and bypassed artery in a controlled operative environment.
What are the indications for CABG?
Heart bypass surgery is most commonly recommended in the following cases:
Left main artery disease
Triple vessel disease
Failed PTCA (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty)
Blockage of grafts from previous CABG
Abnormal left the ventricular function.
What are the risks of having surgery?
Some of the most common risks associated with CABG are:
Clotting of blood
Changes in the memory stroke