The heart bypass surgery, also known as CABG is the most common surgery performed on adults. The aim is to reduce the chances of heart attack and death. It also causes relieves cardiac symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath etc.
Coronary bypass surgery or heart bypass surgery involves redirecting the flow of blood around a section of the blocked artery to maintain normal blood flow to the heart muscle. A graft from a healthy blood vessel is taken from the leg, arm or chest and connected to make a bypassed pathway over the blocked artery in the heart.
To know more about Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, click here.
CABG at Medanta Hospital
Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon has an integrated healthcare centre with an experienced and qualified team of heart surgeons, cardiologists, and radiologists. The cardiology team consists of cardiac surgeons, clinical cardiologists, and interventional cardiologists working together to make sure the patient gets the best treatment with the highest standards. The doctors have expertise in using the latest technologies such as hybrid operating suite, robotic heart surgery, and other minimally invasive techniques.
Some of the eminent cardiac surgeons at Medanta Hospital are:
Dr. Naresh Trehan
- Chairman and Managing director of Medanta
- Awarded with Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri by the Government of India.
- Performed over 48,000 successful open-heart surgeries.
Dr R.R Kasliwal
- Known for developing non-invasive techniques to treat coronary artery diseases.
- Trained many doctors nationally and internationally
- Specializes in critical cardiac care, preventive cardiology, early detection of arteriosclerosis, and acute coronary syndrome.
Dr Balbir Singh
- Winner of Padma Shri award.
- Specializes in coronary angioplasty, electrophysiology, radiofrequency ablation, and pacemakers.
- Pioneer in several new techniques and invasive cardiology
Dr Praveen Chandra
- 28 years of experience as Interventional cardiologist.
- Performs more than 2500 diagnostic procedures 2000 percutaneous interventions each year.
- Expertise in Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty & Coronary Angioplasty
Recommended: Best Cardiac Surgeons in India
Cost of CABG at Medanta Hospital
The approximate heart bypass surgery cost in India ranges from 4000 to 7000 USD (287920 INR to 503860 INR). However, the cost may vary depending upon the individual cases such as,
- The complexity of the case
- Other medical conditions associated
- Immuno-deficiency ailments
- The expertise of the doctor
To know more about heart bypass surgery cost in India, click here.
The success rate of CABG
Heart bypass surgeries are usually safer than other heart surgeries. However, the risk of failure increases in complicated cases. The mortality rate is as low as 2 -3 per cent. At present, more than 95 % of the people who undergo coronary bypass surgery get it done successfully without serious complications.
The recovery period after CABG
It is important to take good care after the surgery to reduce the risk of heart diseases and get back to a normal routine.
Discharge from the hospital - In most of the cases, the patients are discharged from the hospital within 5 days after the surgery. In complicated cases, the discharge can be delayed. Make sure you meet the doctor before leaving the hospital and ask all the questions. Usually, the medications or their dosages are changed.
Care at home- This involves taking all the medications just as prescribed. Moreover, it is essential to take care of the surgical wound. Avoid lifting heavyweight or shoulder movements for 6 to 8 weeks to allow complete healing. If any of the following symptoms are seen, you must consult your doctor,
- Raised body temperature more than 100.4 F
- Worsening of pain around the surgical wound.
- Increased heart rate
- Redness on the skin surface
- Bleeding or drainage of pus from the wound.
What are the other alternatives to CABG?
In some less complex conditions, the following procedures can be used as an alternative to CABG:
Balloon angioplasty - In this procedure, a tube is inserted through the blocked artery after which a small balloon is inflated to widen the artery. Afterwards, the tube and the balloon is removed, and a metal stent is left behind to keep the artery dilated.
Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EEP) - This procedure involves compressing blood vessels in the lower limbs, which increases blood flow to the heart. This is administered every day for a period of one to two hours for 7 weeks.
Medications - Certain medications can also be considered to be taken before the surgery. These medications include beta-blockers and cholesterol-reducing agents.