PRP or Platelet-rich plasma therapy is frequently used for hair loss. The procedure comprises of 3 basic steps that involve drawing the blood, processing, and injection into the scalp. Platelet-rich plasma is the processed form of blood plasma, a concentration of plasma with platelets. This concentration of PRP is taken from the patient’s blood and injected into the scalp to promote hair growth. The platelets are known to have growth factors that initiate tissue recovery by increasing the blood flow and cytokine cells. The platelets are also responsible for the stimulation and enhancement of hair follicle function.
Steps in the PRP therapy
PRP therapy is a long process. Each session is conducted 4-6 weeks apart. Maintenance sessions are done every 4-6 months. Following three steps followed during the therapy:
The blood is drawn especially from the around inserted into a centrifuge. A centrifuge is a machine that spins at a high speed to separate fluids of different densities.
After centrifugation for 10 minutes, the blood gets separated into 3 layers,
Red Blood Cells
The platelet-rich plasma is drawn into a syringe and injected into the areas of the scalp that need increased hair growth.
Who are eligible for PRP therapy?
A patient is eligible for the plasma-rich platelet therapy if a person is
Partially bald with low-density hair
Does not smoke or drink frequently
Does not take any other drugs
Does not take blood thinners
Does not suffer from conditions such as chronic skin, liver disease, metabolic disorders, blood disorders like sickle cell anemia, platelet dysfunction, thrombocytopenia, hypofibrinogenemia etc
Advantages of Plasma-rich therapy
It is a safe procedure with reliable results.
Minimal side-effects such as soreness or redness of the skin for 1-2 days.
Lesser recovery time.
The procedure is quick and takes only 60-90 minutes to complete.
It is a simple and non-surgical procedure.
Risks associated with PRP treatment
In addition the advantages of PRP treatment, there are associated risks especially for those who are already suffering from the following diseases,
Low platelet count
Acute or chronic infections
Chronic liver disease
Platelet dysfunction syndrome
The possible risks involve:
Injury to the surrounding blood vessels or nerves
Calcification at the injecting areas
Allergy to the anesthesia
What are the before and after guidelines for the patients undergoing PRP therapy?
Before the procedure,
The person should avoid smoking and drinking alcohol from one week before the procedure.
One should also stop using all the hair products 3 days before the procedure.
One must wash the hair on the day of the procedure or a day before it.
Increase water intake before a few days before the surgery.
The doctor may also advise you to stop taking vitamins, blood thinners, and some other medications from a week before the surgery.
After the procedure,
Wash your hair a day or two after the procedure.
Medications such as anti-inflammatory medications should be avoided for 3-7 days after the procedure. This is done to prevent inflammation to enable the platelets to perform their function of stimulating hair growth.
Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol as these habits interfere with the healing process.
Wear protection before going out in the sun.
Hair color can be done 3 days after the procedure.
Cost of PRP therapy in India
The cost of PRP therapy in India may vary from 1500 USD to 4000 USD depending upon several factors such as the city, the extent of hair loss, or any additional supplemental nutrition required. There are some of the best cosmetic and plastic surgery hospitals in India having highly skilled cosmetic surgeons in India, who provide the treatment at an affordable cost as compared to other countries.