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Dr Ajit Sowani: India’s Accomplished Neurologist For epilepsy treatment

Dr Ajit Sowani has over 33 years of expertise as a Neurologist. He is skilled in Parkinson's illness, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, and spinal cord and nerves. Dr Ajit Sowani is the president of the Ahmedabad Neuro physicians Association and the Gujarat Neuroscientists Association. He is currently associated with Zydus Hospital in Ahmedabad.

Dr Sowani completed his MBBS in 1979, his MD in Internal Medicine in 1982, and his DM in Neurology in 1986. In MBBS, he received the Gold Medal and the Col. Kukde Prize. He was a Director at SAL Hospitals & Medical Institute in 2017, a Consultant at Rajasthan Hospitals in Ahmedabad in 2001 and the Neurology Centre in Ahmedabad in 2017, and a Registrar at Grant Medical College in Mumbai in 1987. He has also published several papers, including Sowani, A. “Diabetes Mellitus and Brain”. In Reviews in Neurology 2013 CME Program of the Indian Academy of Neurology. Editors: Dr Shyamal Kumar Das and Dr Gagandeep Singh (pp. 52-57). New Delhi: Elsevier Publications, a division of Reed Elsevier India Private Limited.

List of treatment provided by Dr Sowani

  • Lesionectomy
  • Hemispherectomy
  • Corpus Callosotomy
  • Skull Base Surgery
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Treatment
  • Narcolepsy Treatment
  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Cerebral Angioplasty
  • Cerebral or Brain Aneurysm Treatment
  • Neurosurgery

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological disease characterised by recurrent seizures. A seizure is often defined as a brief change in behaviour caused by a transient shift in the electrical activity of the brain. Normally, the brain generates small electrical impulses in a regular sequence. These impulses move via neurons, the brain's network of nerve cells, and throughout the body via chemical messengers known as neurotransmitters. In epilepsy, the brain's electrical rhythms become unbalanced, resulting in repeated seizures. The usual electrical rhythm in individuals with seizures is interrupted by rapid and coordinated bursts of electrical activity, which may momentarily impair their awareness, movements, or feelings.

Types 

Seizures are classified into two kinds. Seizures that involve the whole brain are known as generalised seizures. Focal seizures, also known as partial seizures, impact just one area of the brain. A minor seizure might be difficult to detect. It might last a few seconds and you are unaware of it. Stronger seizures, which can range from a few seconds to several minutes, can produce spasms and uncontrolled muscular jerks. Some people get disoriented or lose consciousness after a more severe seizure. You may have no recollection of what happened thereafter.

There are numerous possible causes for a seizure. These are some examples:

  • Head trauma
  • High fever
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • Low blood sugar levels

What are the symptoms of epilepsy?

Recurrent seizures are the most common sign of epilepsy. However, if a person has one or more of the following symptoms, they should seek medical care since these might be signs of epilepsy:

  • a convulsion with no fever
  • sudden stiffness for no apparent reason
  • short blackouts or confused memory
  • intermittent fainting spells, during which they lose bowel or bladder control, frequently followed by extreme tiredness
  • sudden bouts of blinking without apparent stimuli
  • temporarily seeming dazed and unable to communicate
  • repetitive movements that seem involuntary
  • panic or anger
  • peculiar changes in senses, such as smell, touch, and sound
  • jerking arms, legs, or body, which appears in newborns as a cluster of fast jerking motions

Treatment

To assist prevent seizures, a doctor may give antiepileptic medications (AEDs). Other treatments include surgery, vagus nerve stimulation, or a specific diet if these medications do not work. The goal of the doctors is to keep the patient from having any more seizures. They also seek to avoid negative effects so that the individual can live a full and active life.

A doctor may consider suggesting epilepsy surgery if at least two medicines have failed to control seizures. The following are some surgical options:

A surgeon will remove the region of the brain where seizures begin during a lobectomy operation. This is the most traditional form of epilepsy surgery.

Multiple subpial transactions: A surgeon will make many incisions to limit seizures to one area of the brain during this surgery.

A surgeon will sever the neuronal connections between the two sides of the brain in a corpus callosotomy. Seizures will not spread from one side of the brain to the other as a result of this.

Hemispherectomy: A surgeon may need to remove a hemisphere, which is one half of the cerebral cortex, in severe situations.

Children with epilepsy are frequently advised to follow a ketogenic diet. This diet is heavy in fats and low in carbs. The keto diet encourages the body to burn fat instead of glucose for energy, a condition known as ketosis. A precise balance of lipids, carbs, and protein is required in the diet. It's for this reason that consulting a nutritionist or dietitian is recommended. A doctor must closely supervise children who are on this diet.

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Published Date
: 18-Sep-2021

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