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Patient Testimonials For Cardiology And Cardiac Surgery Procedures in India
52-year-old Nigerian Entrepreneur Finally Finds the Right Treatment. With Vaidam's help Mr. Akpabio finally got rid of his triple blockades.View More
A Successful Cardiac Treatment and a Short Birthday Party for his brother made Raj Kumar's Medical Tour to India Memorable. An angiogram revealed his heightened risk of heart failure.View More
Maina Daniel from Kenya Finally Got Rid of His Congenital Heart Disease after His Treatment in India. He didn't even know that he had a heart defect until recentlyView More
As Her Health Worsened, Pushpa Kant from Fiji Did Not Wait Any Longer to Have Her Heart Bypass Surgery in India. She felt the need for a cardiac treatment when her health was affected adverselyView More
After a Wonderful Cardiac Treatment in India, Deo Raj from Fiji Narrates How His Medical Trip Experience Has Been. The triple ventricular disease manifested in heart attack and breathlessnessView More
74-year-old Sabriya Karim from Iraq Underwent a Successful Minimally Invasive Heart Bypass Surgery in India. After an angiogram she got to know that she has multiple heart blockagesView More
Suruj Prasad from Fiji was relieved from having a Revision CABG after he underwent an Angiogram in India. I am grateful to Dr. Mishra for providing me with the correct diagnosisView More
Gulyamova Sarvinoz / Tertralogy of Fallot- Congenital Heart Disease / Uzbekistan. I no longer wanted my life to be dependent on medicinesView More
Redda Teklehaimanot Zewdu / Valve Replacement Surgery / Ethiopia. After the surgery I feel a lot healthier.View More
Top Doctors For Mitral Valve Replacement Treatment in India View all (17)
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Top Hospitals For Mitral Valve Replacement Treatment in India View all (24)
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About Mitral Valve Replacement
Mitral valve replacement is a cardiac surgical procedure performed to replace a mitral valve not functioning properly.
Mitral valve is located between left heart chambers i.e left atrium and left ventricle. The valve replacement is an open-heart surgery, in few cases a minimally invasive surgery or a catheter procedure may be possible.
Indications for Mitral Valve replacement
- Mitral valve stenosis- When a mitral valve does not open fully and restricts blood flow, may be due to an infection (infectious endocarditis).
- Mitral valve regurgitation - When a mitral valve does not close properly and allows blood to leak back into the left atria.
- severe mitral valve prolapse
Signs and Symptoms
May be asymptomatic for many years. Signs and symptoms of mitral valve disease may include:
- Heart murmur on auscultation
- Easy fatigue
- Swelling in ankles and feet
- Irregular heartbeat
Tests and Diagnosis
- Physical examination- on auscultation physician will hear a heart murmur.
- Echocardiography- An echocardiogram helps your doctor understand the mitral valve and how well it's working
- Transesophageal echocardiogram
- Electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG can detect enlarged chambers of heart, heart disease and abnormal heart rhythms.
- Chest X-ray
- Cardiac MRI
- stress tests
- Standard blood and tests and performed to check fitness for surgery
- Patient counselled about the procedure and after care
- Procedure performed under general anaesthesia
- IV line inserted, breathing tube is inserted
- Incision made in middle of chest, surgeon separates sternum to expose pericardium, then opens pericardium to expose heart
- Connects heart to heart lung machine, tubes are used to reroute the blood into machine which takes over the function of heart and lung during the operation
- Heart is temporarily stopped and blood removed, valve is still and allows surgeon to see it
- Surgeon makes incision around edge of damaged valve and replaces it
- After valve replacement, patient usually need to stay in hospital for about a week
- You will be kept in intensive care unit (ICU) for initial days
- The activity of your heart, lungs and bodily functions will be closely monitored, ventilator will be placed until you are able to breathe
- Draining tube – small tubes from your chest to drain away any build-up of blood or fluid
- Pacing wires – if necessary, these will be inserted near the chest drains to control your heart rate
- Adviced to follow a cardiac rehabilitation programme
- Avoid strenuous exercise, sudden strains and heavy lifting for three months
- You will be able to perform usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks.
- Report to the physician if any warning signs of infection
- Consult your doctor regularly to check for efficiency of heart valve
- If you have a mechanical heart valve, necessary to take anticoagulant medicine to help prevent clots
Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve surgery
In endoscopic surgery, your surgeon makes 1 to 4 small holes in your chest. Surgery is done through the cuts using a camera and special surgical tools.
Robotically-assisted Valve surgery
The surgeon makes 2 to 4 tiny cuts in your chest, the surgeon uses a special computer to control robotic arms during the surgery.
Complications of Valve Surgery
- Excessive bleeding
- Risk of infections
- Blood clotting
- Infection around the artificial valve
- Irregular heartbeat or arrythmia
- Failure of the new valve
- Pulmonary oedema, pulmonary thromboembolism
- Renal failure
Factors Affecting Cost Of Mitral Valve Replacement
- The cost to the patient depends on a variety of factors like
- The hospital, the patient chooses.
- Type of Room
- Fee for the team of doctors and OT charges
- cost of medications
- Standard test and diagnostic
- cost of the valve
- Cost of the follow –up care required after the procedure