Symptoms for Brain Tumour
The symptoms of a brain tumour mostly vary depending on the exact part of the brain that is affected. Common symptoms include:
- Severe, persistent headaches
- Seizures (fits)
- Persistent nausea, vomiting and drowsiness
- Mental or behavioural changes, such as memory problems or changes in personality
- Hand tremors
- Progressive weakness or paralysis on one side of the body
- Vision problems, or speech problems
- Loss of memory
Medical Tests For Detecting Brain Tumour
To diagnose a brain tumour, the doctor starts by
- Asking questions about the symptoms
- Then a personal & family history is taken
- A physical examination is done ,which includes a neurological examination
If brain tumour is suspected then the doctor may advise one or more of the following tests:
- CT(CAT) scan or MRI to see detailed images of the brain
- Angiogram or MRA, which involve the use of dye and X-rays of blood vessels in the brain to look for signs of a tumour or abnormal blood vessels
- Skull x-ray
- Biopsy is advised to check or not its cancerous
Treatment for Brain Tumour
The treatment options for brain tumour are:
- Radiation therapy
Surgery is the initial step in the treatment of most of the benign and malignant tumours.
Procedure For Brain Tumor Treatment
It is performed under general anaesthesia & the procedure can take 4-8 hours.
- A small area of the head may be shaved and the patient may be given an local anaesthetic to part of the scalp
- An incision (cut) is made in the scalp and a small part of the skull ('bone flap') will be removed.
- Awake Craniotomy: In this, the patient will be woken at this point to allow the doctor to map where the functions of the brain are located in the brain. Patient may have a feeling of pulling out something but should not feel pain as the brain itself cannot feel pain.
- As much of the tumour as is safely possible, will be removed
- Bone flap will be replaced and the wound closed using stitches or metal clip.
- Patients are mostly put on steroids to help with any swelling.
The patient is required to stay in the hospital for 3-7 days.
Factors Affecting Cost of Brain Tumour Treatment
Following are the factors which will affect the treatment cost:
- The hospital patient is opting for.
- Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
- Operating room, ICU
- Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons, Anesthesist, Physiotherapist, Dietician)
- Standard test and diagnostic procedures
- The type of surgery performed
- Micro surgery
- Gamma Knife Surgery