Request a Quote
x
English Arabic French Russian

Liver Disease, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment - by Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin, Chairman, MBBS, MS, FRCS, FRCS(G)

Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin, Padma Shri, is one of the best liver transplant and hepatobiliary surgeons in the country. Currently, the Chairman of Liver Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine, Medanta, Gurugram, Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin has performed over 2500 liver transplants, 12000+ other complex liver, gallbladder, and bile duct surgeries with a 95% success rate. He treats Liver Cancer, Cirrhosis of the liver, Bile Duct cancer, Gallbladder Cancer, Biliary stricture, Liver Cyst, Liver Metastases, and Biliary Atresia, etc.

After completing his MBBS and MS from AIIMS, New Delhi, Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin, he worked as a senior resident at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham and has acquired Fellowship in General Surgery from Royal College of Edinburgh, UK and Fellowship from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow. Before Medanta, he worked as a Senior Consultant at Apollo Indraprastha Hospitals, New Delhi, and Sri Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi.

Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin is a member of prestigious organizations like the Association of Surgeons of India, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, British Transplantation Society, Indian Society of Organ transplant and many more.

 

Liver Disease

The liver is crucial to digestion and is responsible for producing bile that helps to break down fats and cholesterol. The liver processes medications, hormones, nutrients and prevents infections by regulating immune responses. It detoxifies the blood by removing harmful bacteria and other waste products and stores iron. It generates proteins that allow the blood to clot in case of injuries.  

When a liver is diseased, it is unable to perform its functions causing substantial damage to the body. Liver disease can be caused due to:

  • Medicines: As medicines are processed by the liver, their prolonged use affects the liver by decreasing its functionality. Overdose of a medicine can cause liver failure. Statins for controlling cholesterol, painkillers such as a combination or paracetamol-hydrocodone (opioids) are examples of medicines that affect the liver. 

  • Infections: Diseases that can cause liver problems:

    • Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E

    • Epson-Barr virus

    • Wilson’s Disease

    • Fatty Liver Disease (Non-Alcoholic)

    • Hemochromatosis or Iron overload

  • Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption is a predominant cause of liver cirrhosis. 

  • Cancer: Cancers in the liver or the bile duct cause liver disease and failure

  • Type 2 Diabetes: While Type 2 Diabetes does not cause liver disease directly, it increases the risk factor for liver disease.

 

Symptoms of Liver Disease

There may or may not be any visible symptoms of liver disease depending on the severity of the disease.

  • Yellowish eyes and skin

  • Swelling and pain in extremities and/or abdomen

  • Change in the color of urine (darker than normal) and stool (paler than normal)  

  • Fatigue even after proper rest

  • Itchy skin that bruises easily

  • Nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite

 

Liver Disease Diagnosis

Periodic blood tests like the Liver Function Test panel gives a measure of the functionality of the liver. These tests are usually a part of routine health checkup tests and are key to catching abnormalities early.

After the onset of symptoms, liver disease can be diagnosed with:

  • Blood tests: The liver function test, and other blood tests are done to determine the extent of the liver disease

  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests used to measure liver damage are:

    • Ultrasound

    • CT-Scan

    • MRI

  • Biopsy: A long needle is inserted into the liver through the skin to extract a tissue sample for testing.

 

Liver Disease Treatment

The liver is the only organ in the body that can regenerate by repairing the damaged cells. It is possible to treat liver disease with:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Switching to a healthier lifestyle can reverse the damage to the liver.

    • A healthy diet with green vegetables

    • Regular exercise

    • Weight loss

    • No alcohol consumption

    • No smoking 

  • Medication: There is no one medicine to treat liver disease as it is managed according to the underlying cause of the liver failure. 

  • Surgery: Surgical intervention for liver failure is generally required for cases such as gall bladder stones or portal hypertension where there is an obstruction to the blood flow in the liver.

  • Liver Transplant: If all treatment options have been exhausted, a liver transplant may be done to replace the diseased liver with a healthy liver of a donor.

 

Prevention of Liver Disease

Liver disease is largely preventable.

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Leading or switching to a healthier lifestyle can prevent fatty liver disease.

  • Vaccinations: Hepatitis vaccines prevent the occurrence of some infections that are transmitted through blood and bodily fluids.  

  • Controlled Use of Medications: All medications especially over-the-counter medicines should be used as per the recommended dosage.

  • Weight control: Maintaining a healthy weight takes the pressure off the liver, heart and other organs

  • Food Safety: Avoid unclean or unsafe food and water

  • Reduce the Use of Chemicals: Insecticides like mosquito sprays or paints are chemicals that get absorbed through the skin and can cause liver damage.  

 

Conclusion

Liver disease means that more than 75 percent of the liver is damaged. However, as liver disease progresses silently, it is imperative to watch for any symptoms that may seem out of the ordinary. Those on prescription medicines for diabetes etc should take the blood test for liver function test at necessary intervals or as per the recommendation of the medical practitioner.

Author Name
Neha Jaswal

Published Date
: 06-Jun-2021

Neha Jaswal is a researcher and writer at Vaidam Health. Being a fitness freak, she loves to pen down about health and fitness. 
A writer by day and a reader by night, she likes to expand her pensive thoughts health, travel strategies.

Share Articles

Need Help?

Just let us know. We will be happy to assist you

To overcome restrictions due to Corona Virus, we are offering Paid Tele/Video Consultation from top doctors. Let us know if you are interested & we will contact you.


After submitting the form, check your email for instructions to share patient information and medical reports.

 

 

 

About Vaidam

Patients from 85+ countries have trusted Vaidam

 

Why Vaidam

 

NABH Certified Healthcare Discovery Platform

Vaidam is NABH certified healthcare discovery platform that will connect you to top-notch medical experts, hospitals, wellness options, and trusted travel partners to help identify and make the right healthcare choices.

Researched & Personalized Treatment Plan - Under One Roof

You can search for the best hospitals in India to treat cancer and ailments of the heart, bones or kidney, read about them, view photographs of the facilities at the hospitals and the places at which the hospitals are located, and check the cost of treatment.

Quality Treatment Within Your Budget

As soon as you post an enquiry, the patient relation team will collect details from you, share them with the doctors and hospitals on Vaidam's panel, and get a personalized treatment plan. We research to get quality treatment within your budget.

Treatment to Travel

Vaidam concierge assists patients, to get medical Visa to travel to India, the best airline fares and arrangements for your stay. Our concierge also helps you with daily travel, language, and food concerns. Vaidam does everything to be your perfect host. All of Vaidam’s services are free of cost to patients.

International Reach

If you are looking for medical care in India (New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad or Ahmedabad) or in Turkey (Istanbul,Ankara or Antalya), Vaidam Health has a network in each of those cities.

 
Vaidam News

 

Vaidam Health gets the prestigious NABH accreditation

Vaidam Health gets the prestigious NABH accreditation

Read more


Vaidam Media - Medical Travel Today

Vaidam Health Coverage by Medical Travel Today - The Authoritative Newsletter for Medical Tourism

Read more


Vaidam Health YourStory News

Vaidam Health gets covered by 'Your Story', India's Leading Online Magazine

Read more


Know how it works in less than 90 secs


View More Updates


 

 

 

Note: Vaidam Health does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The services and information offered on www.vaidam.com are intended solely for informational purposes and cannot replace the professional consultation or treatment by a physician. Vaidam Health discourages copying, cloning of its webpages and its content and it will follow the legal procedures to protect its intellectual property

 

  Browse the website in:   English     Français   Русский     العَرَبِية

 

 

Thank you. We will contact you soon.

x