Request a Quote
x
English Arabic French Russian

Heart Transplant in India

WHAT IS A HEART TRASPLANT?

Heart transplant (or Cardiac Transplant) is medical procedure done to replace a diseased and dysfunctional heart with a healthy heart from a donor. In order to remove the heart from the donor at least two or more doctor must declare the donor as brain dead.

 

HUMAN HEART


Located in the center of the chest the human heart is the most important organ of the body. Its chief function is to pump oxygenated blood in the body. In humans, the left and the right side of the heart works simultaneously.

 

Human Haert

 

 

Right side of the heart –                                                                                                                                                  Right and Left Side of the Heart

  • The oxygen poor blood enters the heart (right atrium) through the inferior and superior vena cava.

  • When the right atrium contacts the blood moves from right atrium to the left ventricle through the tricuspid valve.

  • When the ventricle is full with blood from right atrium the right atrium, the tricuspid valve shuts to prevent back flow.

  • Now when the left ventricle contracts the bloods leaves the heart through the pulmonic valve into the pulmonary artery to the lungs where it is oxygenated.

 

Left side of the heart-

  • The pulmonary vein empties the oxygen rich blood into the left atrium from the pulmonary vein.

  • As the left atrium contracts the blood flows from the left atrium to the left ventricle via mitral valve.

  • When the ventricle is full the mitral valve shuts and prevents backflow.

  • Now, as the ventricle contracts the blood leaves the heart to the aorta via aortic valve to different part of the body

 

KNOW MORE:

 

WHY DO YOU NEED A HEART TRANSPLANT?

 

Heart transplant is required in case of a failing and dysfunction heart, which cannot be treated by other means. Some of the reasons for heart transplantation are listed below

Congestive Heart Failure - as the heart muscle gets weaken so it fails to pump blood efficiently. It can occur due to
 

  • Severe Myocardial Infraction

  • Viral Infection Of The Heart Muscles

  • Hypertension ( High Blood Pressure)

  • Life threatening Valvular Heart Disease

  • Congenital Heart Condition

  • Cardiac Arrhythmias ( Irregular Heart Beat)

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Chronic Lung Disease


 

HEART TRANSPLANT PROCEDURE
 

BEFORE THE PROCEDURE

To determine the eligibility of heart transplant there is a wide range of information which is evaluated by the cardiologist. The evaluation consists of

  • Psychological and social evaluation- the factors such as stress, finance, support by the family must be accessed well before the procedure.

  • Blood test- this will help to determine a good donor match.

  • Diagnostic test- it will help to access the overall health of the recipient. test such as x-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography, pulmonary function test and dental examination. Women may also undergo a Pap test, gynecology evaluation and mammogram.

  • Others- several immunizations to prevent infections.


 

DURING THE PROCEDURE

Heart transplant requires stay in the hospital and the stay depends on the patient’s condition. Before the heart transplantation the patient will be advised to

  • Remove ornaments or any object that interferes with the procedure.

  • Patient is required to change into a hospital gown.

  • An intravenous line or a catheter will be placed in the body for the administration of medicine and to the monitor the heart beat and blood pressure respectively.

  • Excess of hair will be shaved from the area of surgery

  • Heart transplantation requires to be done under general anesthesia.

  • A tube will be inserted through the mouth to the lungs which will be attached to the ventilator for the breathing purpose.

  • Heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen level all will be monitored during the surgery

  • The area is cleaned with an antiseptic before making an incision from the Adam’s apple up to the naval.

  • Tubes are then inserted into the chest so that blood is pumped through your body by a Cardiopulmonary bypass machine (heart-lung machine).

  • Now, when the blood is completely diverted to the cardiopulmonary bypass machine the diseased heart is removed.

  • The donor’s heart will be placed in the patient’s body and blood vessels will be connected.

  • When the transplant procedure will be completed then the blood circulating from the cardiopulmonary bypass machine will be allowed back from the heart and the machine and tubes will be removed.

  • The sternum will be rejoined and sutured together with wires.

  • Tube will be attached in the heart to drain fluid and excess liquid from the heart.

  • The heart will be shocked with peddle to restart the heartbeat.

  • When the heart starts to beat, the heart is further assessed to some time to check its functioning.

 

Heart Transplant Procedure

 

AFTER THE PROCEDURE

IN THE HOSPITAL

  • After the surgery the patient is taken to ICU he will be connected to monitors who keep a check on electrocardiogram reading, blood pressure, other pressure, breathing rate and blood oxygen level.

  • A tube will be placed in the throat, attached to the ventilator so that breathing will be assisted.

  • Blood samples will be taken frequently to check the status of the new heart.

  • Immunosuppressant medicine will be given and will be checked closely.

AT HOME

Once you are at home it is very important to keep the surgical area dry and clean. A patient is advised not to drive. There will be follow- up after the surgery which may include blood test, X-Ray and biopsy.

Notify your doctor if you have

  • Fever or chill

  • Redness /swelling/bleeding

  • Increased pain around incision

  • Difficulty in breathing

 

What is done to prevent heart transplant rejection?

 

For proper survival of heart in the patient’s body, the patient has to take medicines to fight rejection for the rest of the life. The most commonly anti-rejection medicines used are-

  • Cyclosporine

  • Prednisone

  • Tacrolimus

  • Sirolimus

  • Methotrexate

Usually several anti-rejection medicines is given initially, however the dose of these medicine may change. To assess for the rejection of the new heart, one has to undergo right heart biopsy on a regular basis. Just after the transplant the biopsy is done every week, which later becomes once a month and eventually for a longer period of time.


 

HEART TRANSPLANT REJECTION SYMPTOMS

General symptoms of heart transplant rejection are-

  • Fever

  • Fluid collection in lungs

  • Decreased oxygen level in blood

  • Shortness of breath


 

HEART TRANSPLANT RISKS

 

Potential heart transplant risks may include

  • Infection

  • Bleeding after the surgery

  • Blood clot that can cause heart attack, stroke or lung problem

  • Breathing problem

  • Kidney failure

  • Coronary Arteriopathy

  • Medicines used to prevent rejection of the new transplanted heart


 

CONTRAINDICATION OF HEART TRANSPLANT

  • Recurrent infection that is untreatable

  • Metastatic cancer

  • Other serious conditions


 

PROGNOSIS

Heart transplant prolongs the life span of people who otherwise would have difficulty to survive. After 5 years, over 70% of the patients gets the benefits of transplantation.

 

WHY HEART TRANSPLANT IN INDIA

India has grown to become one of the leading countries for cardiac surgeries and other such organ replacement medical care. Indian surgeons are well known all over the world for their skill and experience. Hospitals in India are well equipped with the latest and most sophisticated technology for a successful transplant.

A huge number of skilled professionals provide various treatments to over 65000 medical tourists every year.

LEGAL REQUIREMENTS IN INDIA

  • The donor should be brain dead

  • The donor can be -

    • RELATED (spouse, children, parent, grandparent,) needs permission if the doctor in charge of the transplant.

    • UNRELATED needs permission of the authorized committee before organ donation.

  • No buying and selling or organ is permitted in India.


 

WAITING LIST


It is hard to predict the time of wait for the heart once you are on the waiting list.

 

FACTS
 

  • The donors age does not affects long term survival

  • A healthy heart (that is not thicken) has better outcomes

  • During the surgery process your blood will flow through a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine supplies your body with required blood and oxygen when your heart and lungs are stopped by the surgeon

 

REFERENCES

 

 
 

Share Articles

You May Also Like to Read

Cost of Common Heart Surgeries in India

Read more

52-year-old Nigerian Entrepreneur Finally Finds the Right Treatment for his Heart in India

Read more

A Successful Cardiac Treatment and a Short Birthday Party for his brother made Raj Kumar's Medical Tour to India Memorable

Read more

Maina Daniel from Kenya Finally Got Rid of His Congenital Heart Disease after His Treatment in India

Read more

You May Now Get Your Angioplasty Done at a Much Less Cost in India

Read more

Need Help?

Just let us know. We will be happy to assist you


After submitting the form, check your email for instructions to share patient information and medical reports.

 

 

 

About Vaidam

Patients from 60+ countries have trusted Vaidam

 

 

Why Vaidam

 

NABH Certified Healthcare Discovery Platform

Vaidam is NABH certified healthcare discovery platform that will connect you to top-notch medical experts, hospitals, wellness options, and trusted travel partners in India to help identify and make the right healthcare choices.

Researched & Personalized Treatment Plan - Under One Roof

You can search for the best hospitals in India to treat cancer and ailments of the heart, bones or kidney, read about them, view photographs of the facilities at the hospitals and the places at which the hospitals are located, and check the cost of treatment.

Quality Treatment Within Your Budget

As soon as you post an enquiry, the patient relation team will collect details from you, share them with the doctors and hospitals on Vaidam's panel, and get a personalized treatment plan. We research to get quality treatment within your budget.

Treatment to Travel

Vaidam concierge assists patients, to get medical Visa to travel to India, the best airline fares and arrangements for your stay. Our concierge also helps you with daily travel, language, and food concerns. Vaidam does everything to be your perfect host in India. All of Vaidam’s services are free of cost to patients.

Pan-India Reach

If you are looking for medical care in New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad or Ahmedabad, Vaidam Health has a network in each of those cities.

 
Vaidam News

 

Vaidam Health gets the prestigious NABH accreditation

Vaidam Health gets the prestigious NABH accreditation

Read more


Vaidam Media - Medical Travel Today

Vaidam Health Coverage by Medical Travel Today - The Authoritative Newsletter for Medical Tourism

Read more


Vaidam Health YourStory News

Vaidam Health gets covered by 'Your Story', India's Leading Online Magazine

Read more


View More Updates


 

 

 

Note: Vaidam Health does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The services and information offered on www.vaidam.com are intended solely for informational purposes and cannot replace the professional consultation or treatment by a physician. Vaidam Health discourages copying, cloning of its webpages and its content and it will follow the legal procedures to protect its intellectual property

 

Browse the website in:   English     Français   Русский     العَرَبِية

 

 

Thank you. We will contact you soon.

x