Cancer has invaded our society like a termite. With an upward trend in the number of cancer cases being diagnosed every year, the advancements in the treatments are increasing too. Cancer is fundamentally defined as the abnormal growth of cells in the body. Such a condition can occur anywhere in the body.
Cost in India
There is no standard cost of cancer treatment in India. It may vary greatly depending upon several factors such as complexity of the case, stay of the patient in the hospital, type of treatment done and the expertise of the doctor. For example,
The oral cancer surgery cost in India approximately lies between 3200 USD and 8000 USD, breast cancer treatment is around 2500 USD, etc.
Depending upon several factors, there are many types of treatment forms available in India. Some of them are listed below:
The prime function of chemotherapeutic drugs used for cancer is to create hindrance in the division and reproduction of the cells. Either a single drug or combination could be used. The medications are sometimes directly administered into the bloodstream or can also be targeted to specific cancer sites. These drugs can usually work in the following techniques:
Impairment of cell division
Finish the food for cancer cells such as enzymes and hormones
Initiation of the suicide of cancerous cells or apoptosis.
Cease the growth of new blood vessels to starve the tumor of blood supply.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy involves the use of radiation to treat cancers or even other conditions. These radiations are the waves of energy such as light or heat energy. The form of radiation used to treat cancer is a high-energy type of radiation and known as ionizing radiation.
It has been studied that radiation damages the DNA of cancer cells that further disrupts the growth and division and ultimately kills them. Mostly it is used along with some other form of treatment such as chemotherapy or surgical excision. However, it can be used on its own as well.
This is the field where surgery is used to diagnose the stage of cancer and treat it as well. In some cases, the surgical oncologists perform palliative surgeries to control pain and provide relief to the signs and symptoms of the patients.
Depending upon the type of cancer, its size and its location, the surgery may be of a minimally invasive type such as laparoscopic or robotic surgery. Some conditions may also require conventional open surgeries which are more invasive and involve larger incisions. The surgical incision is usually coupled with radiation therapy or chemotherapy to avoid any remanent cancerous cells around the tumor.