Symptoms for Valve Replacement
Main signs of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Many people having heart valve disease don't have any symptoms until they're middle-aged or older. The main signs and symptoms include:
- Unusual fatigue (tiredness) or weakness
- Shortness of breath or difficulty catching your breath
- Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen, and veins in the neck
- Fluttering, racing, or irregular heartbeat.
- Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)
- Inability to maintain regular activity level
- Light-headedness or loss of consciousness
Treatments for heart valve disorders mostly depends on the severity of the disorder and symptoms.
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Medical Tests For Detecting Valve Replacement
For the diagnosis of heart valve disease, the doctor will firstly check for the signs and symptoms. Then a physical examination is performed. The commonly advised test are:
- Chest-X ray
- Cardiac catheterization
- Stress test
- Cardiac MRI
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Medications For Patients with a Valve problem
The commonly prescribes medicines are:
- Beta-blockers & calcium channel blockers: These control the heart rate and blood flow
- Diuretics: To reduce fluid retention
- Vasodilators: These drugs open or dilate blood vessels
About Valve Surgery
The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia & the procedure takes 2-4 hours.
- Patient is shifted to the operating room & GA is administered
- Patient’s heart is stopped & they are is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine performs the work of the heart, providing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide.
- There are various surgeries for this ailment. Some of the most common heart surgeries are:
- Open Heart Surgery: Surgeon makes a large surgical cut in the breastbone to reach the heart and aorta.
- Minimally Invasive Surgery: In this procedure very small cuts are made or it is performed by using a catheter, which is inserted through the skin.
- Valve repair : If the valve can be repaired ,then the surgeon will repair it by
- Ring annuloplasty: The ring-like part around the valve is repaired by sewing a ring of plastic, cloth, or tissue around the valve.
- Valve repair: In this the surgeon trims, shapes, or rebuilds one or more of the leaflets of the valve. The leaflets are flaps that open and close the valve.
- Valve replacement: If the valve is too damaged, a new valve is put. In this the surgeon will remove the old valve and put a new one in place. The main types of new valves are:
- Mechanical – This is made of man-made materials, such as metal (stainless steel or titanium) or ceramic. After the procedure, patient is advised to take blood-thinning medicine for the rest of their life
- Biological – This is made of human or animal tissue. These valves last 12 to 15 years, and the patient may not need to take blood thinners for life.
- Incision will be closed with sutures or surgical staples and a sterile bandage or dressing will be applied.
Factors Affecting Cost of Valve Replacement Surgery
Following are the factors which will affect the treatment cost:
- Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
- Operating room, ICU
- Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons, Anesthetist, Physiotherapist, Dietician )
- Standard test and diagnostic procedures
- Cost of valve
- The hospital patient is opting for.