Symptoms of Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
Invasive lobular breast cancer does not always form a firm lump. Patients may experience a thickened area of breast tissue instead of a definite lump. The possible common symptoms associated with ILC are:
Area of thickening or swelling
A new area of fullness or swelling in the breast
Change in the nipple, for example if it turns inwards (inverted)
Change in the skin, such as dimpling or thickening
Diagnosis of Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
The doctor starts with a medical history and breast examination. Some of the common tests performed are:
Ultrasound: If a patient is under 35 years of age, then you are more likely to have an ultrasound instead of mammography.
Biopsy : a small sample of cells or tissue is taken from the breast and looked at under a microscope.
Treatment of Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
ILC is treated with lumpectomy or mastectomy. The treatment will depend on the size and location of the tumour. Treatment often consists of surgery and additional (adjuvant) therapy, which may include chemotherapy, radiation and hormone therapy.
Chemotherapy: Chemo drugs enter the bloodstream and then circulate throughout the body to reach and destroy cancer cells wherever they are. It can treat both the main tumour as well as any cancer cells that have broken off and spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
Radiation Therapy: It directs high energy ray at the breast, chest area, under the arm and or the collar bone area to destroy any invasive lobular carcinoma cells that may be left behind.
Surgery: If cancer improves with chemotherapy, then surgery is usually the next step. Surgery mostly involves :
Removing the cancer and small portion of healthy tissue
Removing all of the breast tissue
Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Axillary lymph node dissection
The possible surgical procedures include the following:
Lumpectomy: The surgeon only removes the tumour and some of the normal tissues that surrounds it.
Mastectomy: This includes:
Partial or segmental mastectomy: In this the surgeon removes portion or segment of the breast that contains the tumour. At times only quarter of the breast need to be removed.
Total or simple mastectomy: In this there is only the removal of breast tissue, without the removal of axillary lymph node or any other muscle tissue beneath the breast.
Modified radical mastectomy: In this procedure, surgery is performed to remove the breast, the lining of the chest wall and some of the lymph nodes under the arm.
Breast Reconstruction: After mastectomy, the patient may decide to have a breast reconstruction.
Prognosis & Survival Rate of Invasive Lobular Cancer
ILC is staged on 0 to 4 scales and a higher numbers represent more advanced stages. The earlier a person is diagnosed with ILC and start treatment, the better the prognosis.
The prognosis will depend on the stage of cancer, and also on the long term follow care.
Factors Affecting the Cost of Treatment
The factors affecting the cost of treatment are as follows:
The hospital patient is opting for.
Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights. specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
Operating room, ICU.
Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons, Aesthesis, Physiotherapist, Dietician).
Standard test and diagnostic procedures.
Treatment procedure the patient is going for.