Triple vessel disease refers to the presence of narrowing or blockages in all three of the major coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart
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Symptoms for congenital Minimally Invasive CABG
The common symptom of CABG includes:
- Fatigue (severe tiredness)
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Swelling in the hands and feet
Angina:When the narrowing of the arteries becomes critical, patient can develop symptoms like chest pain or shortness of breath. This is called as angina.
Heart Attack: It can be major or minor heart attack. At times the patient may suffer from a heart attack or myocardial infarction.
Medical Tests For Detecting Minimally Invasive CABG
A general physical examination is done. Tests are performed to find out which arteries are clogged, how much they're clogged, and whether there's any heart
damage. Following test are mostly advised :
- EKG (Electrocardiogram): This test is performed to detect and records the heart's electrical activity.
- Stress Test
- Echocardiography: The test provides information about the size and shape of the heart and how well the heart'schambers and valves are working.
- Coronary Angiography: This test helps the doctor find blockages that can cause a heart attack.
Medical Treatment of Minimally Invasive CABG
A coronary artery bypass graft involves taking a blood vessel from another part of the body – usually the chest, leg or arm – and attaching it to the coronaryartery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This new blood vessel is known as a graft.
The surgical procedure can be performed by the
- Traditional method: In which the chest is opened to reach the heart
- Non-traditional method: In this small incisions (cuts) are made to bypass the blocked or narrowed artery. In this procedure the bypass surgery is performed without stopping the heart.
Recommended: Why is CABG necessary?
Procedure of Minimally Invasive CABG
The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia & it takes 3 to 6 hours.
- Patient is given GA &a device is attached to the heart to stabilize it.
- A 3 to 5 inch (8 to 13 centimetres) incision is made in the left part of the chest between the ribs to reach the heart.
- Muscles present in that area will be pushed apart. A small part of the front of the rib, called the costal cartilage, will be removed.
- The surgeon will then find and prepare an artery on the chest wall to attach to the coronary artery that is blocked.
- In the end the surgeon will use sutures to connect the prepared chest artery to the coronary artery that is blocked.
- Patient will be hospitalised for 2 to 4 days.
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Factors Affecting Cost of Minimally Invasive CABG Treatment
Following are the factors which will affect the treatment cost:
- The hospital patient is opting for.
- Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate and room service).
- Operating room, ICU
- Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons ,Anesthesist ,Physiotherapist ,Dietician )
- Standard test and diagnostic procedures