More About Minimally Invasive Heart Bypass (CABG)
Triple vessel disease refers to the presence of narrowing or blockages in all three of the major coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart
Symptoms for congenital Minimally Invasive CABG
The common symptom of CABG includes:
- Fatigue (severe tiredness)
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Swelling in the hands and feet
Angina:When the narrowing of the arteries becomes critical, patient can develop symptoms like chest pain or shortness of breath. This is called as angina.
Heart Attack: It can be major or minor heart attack. At times the patient may suffer from a heart attack or myocardial infarction.
Medical Tests For Detecting Minimally Invasive CABG
A general physical examination is done. Tests are performed to find out which arteries are clogged, how much they're clogged, and whether there's any heart
- EKG (Electrocardiogram): This test is performed to detect and records the heart's electrical activity.
- Stress Test
- Echocardiography: The test provides information about the size and shape of the heart and how well the heart'schambers and valves are working.
- Coronary Angiography: This test helps the doctor find blockages that can cause a heart attack.
Medical Treatment of Minimally Invasive CABG
A coronary artery bypass graft involves taking a blood vessel from another part of the body – usually the chest, leg or arm – and attaching it to the coronaryartery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This new blood vessel is known as a graft.
The surgical procedure can be performed by the
- Traditional method: In which the chest is opened to reach the heart
- Non-traditional method: In this small incisions (cuts) are made to bypass the blocked or narrowed artery. In this procedure the bypass surgery is performed without stopping the heart.
Procedure of Minimally Invasive CABG
The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia & it takes 3 to 6 hours.
- Patient is given GA &a device is attached to the heart to stabilize it.
- A 3 to 5 inch (8 to 13 centimetres) incision is made in the left part of the chest between the ribs to reach the heart.
- Muscles present in that area will be pushed apart. A small part of the front of the rib, called the costal cartilage, will be removed.
- The surgeon will then find and prepare an artery on the chest wall to attach to the coronary artery that is blocked.
- In the end the surgeon will use sutures to connect the prepared chest artery to the coronary artery that is blocked.
- Patient will be hospitalised for 2 to 4 days.
Factors Affecting Cost of Minimally Invasive CABG Treatment
Following are the factors which will affect the treatment cost:
- The hospital patient is opting for.
- Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate and room service).
- Operating room, ICU
- Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons ,Anesthesist ,Physiotherapist ,Dietician )
- Standard test and diagnostic procedures
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