Types and Procedures of Colon Cancer Treatment
There are several types of treatment available for the treatment of colon cancer. Some of the treatment methods are used widely in clinical settings, whereas some of them are undergoing clinical trials. The choice of treatment will depend on the following options:
The stage of colon cancer
If the cancer has recurred
The general health of the patient
The primary treatment methods opted for treating colon cancer are discussed below:
Surgery: In surgery, the cancer cells are removed from the body with the help of an operation. This is most commonly used among all the stages of cancer. In situations where the cancer is discovered in an early stage, the tumour could also be removed with the help of a colonoscope. But in most cases, surgery is necessary. Some of the options available for colon cancer surgery are:
Bowel Diversion Surgery
Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy, the treatment is done with the help of drugs which aim to curb the cancer cells’ growth. It can either be done by not letting them multiply or by killing them. In Chemotherapy, the drugs can be either injected to the muscles, veins, or even administered through the mouth. The drugs gradually come in contact with the blood stream and finally to the cancer cells present in the large intestine. This is called systemic chemotherapy. In case of regional chemotherapy, the drugs are placed directly in an organ, body cavity, or cerebrospinal fluid.
Targeted Therapy: In this method, the cancer-specific genes, tissue environment, or proteins are targeted that are responsible for letting the cancer grow as well as survive. In the procedure, the spread and growth of the cancer cells are blocked which ultimately limits the damage caused to the healthy cells.
Factors affecting the cost of Colon Cancer Treatment
Many foreign patients travel all the way from different parts of the world for surgeries and medical treatments that are equivalent to first world nations like the United Kingdom and the United States at much affordable rates to countries all around the world.
Most cancer hospitals are well equipped with advanced medical techniques and treatment methods. The imaging and diagnostic facilities are also the most advanced in the nation. The cost of colon cancer treatment would be around:
● Polypectomy - $3,000
● Cryosurgery - $7,500
● Bowel Diversion Surgery - $6,000
The rates and cost might vary depending on the type of facilities you opt for and the type of hospital you select. The fee of the team of doctors will also vary in different cities and hospitals. Medications are an additional cost which patients will have to bear. For chemotherapy, the drugs would have would have bear a significant amount of value. The type of surgery used for dealing with colon cancer would also affect the cost. In radiation and targeted therapy, the cost would be different as compared to surgery and chemotherapy.
Diagnosis of Colon Cancer Treatment
Screening tests help in understanding the type of cancer and polyps present in the large intestine before the symptoms start showing up evidently. If polyps are detected and removed in time, it will prevent the occurrence of colon cancer. The disease can also be rectified if detected at an early stage. Some of the tests the doctor might conduct on the patient to diagnose colon cancer are:
A complete family, medical, and drug history
Digital rectal exam: A routine physical examination also incorporates a rectal exam. Here, a lubricated, gloved finger is inserted in the rectum for feeling the abnormal segments.
Sigmoidoscopy: A lighted tube known as a sigmoidoscope is used for checking the colon’s lower part and rectum. If there is an evidence of polyps, the doctor will remove it. This procedure is termed as polypectomy.
Virtual colonoscopy: This is also a method applied for screening which is currently undergoing clinical trials.
Double-contrast barium enema: An enema is provided along with barium solution. Air is blown into the rectum after which several x-ray images are taken of the rectum and colon. Barium as well as the air is helpful in showing the condition of the rectum and colon in pictures. Tumours and polyps can be spotted in these pictures.
Colonoscopy: A colonoscope which appears to be long, lighted tube is used for examining the rectum and colon. If polyps are found, they are removed by the doctor.
Faecal occult blood test (FOBT): FOBT will be able to detect blood in the stool as some polyps and cancers bleed. If there is blood in the stool, other tests also need to be conducted to figure out the blood’s source. Haemorrhoids can also result in the presence of blood in the stool.