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Cerebral Angiogram/Angiography is a diagnostic procedure that makes use of an X-ray. It produces a cerebral angiogram, or pictures which can assist the doctor discover blockages or other abnormalities that may be suspected inside the blood vessels of the head and neck. Any kind of blockages or abnormalities within the blood vessels of the neck region or head can lead to a stroke or bleeding inside the brain.
For this test, a medical doctor injects an instrument in the blood. The instrument helps the X-ray create a clean photograph of the blood vessels in order to assist the doctor to pick upany blockages or abnormalities.
Uses of Cerebral Angiography
Cerebral angiography is not meant for all who have arterial blockages. It’s generally performed in case the medical doctor wants more statistics to decide on the treatment after different options. That’s because it’s invasive and contains some dangers.
An angiogram can also be used to treat some of the abnormalities concerning the blood vessels of the neck and mind. Cerebral angiography can be used in the diagnosis of several medical conditions such as:
- arteriovenous malformation
- vasculitis, or inflammation of the blood vessels
- brain tumors
- blood clots
- tears within the lining of an artery
Cerebral angiography can also help the doctor to determine the signs and symptoms of:
- intense complications in arteries
- lack of memory
- slurred speech
- blurred or double imaginative and prescient
- weak point or numbness
- loss of balance or coordination
Before the Procedure
- Your doctor will advise you on the way you have to prepare. You won't be allowed to consume any food or drink the night prior to the procedure.Before the procedure, your doctor can also ask you to stopany medications that can grow the chances of bleeding during the procedure. These medications can include:
- Blood Thinners
- Steroidalanti-inflammatory capsules
- If a woman is breastfeeding, feeding milk earlier than the test is advised, and not to breastfeed the baby again for at the least 24 hours.
- You need to tell the doctor beforehand about any allergies or medical situations that one may have. Some people are allergic to the material used at some point of the process. The doctor may prescribe anti-hypersensitivity medications before the test.
- Certain illnesses and scientific conditions can increasethe chances of headaches at some point of the procedure. If a patient got diabetes or kidney ailment, the instrument can have a temporary damage onthe kidneys. If the patient is pregnant or if she assumes to be probably, you have to ask if there would be any radiation exposure for certain duration during the procedure as that might have an adverse effect on the unborn.
During The Procedure
- The team of doctors may consist of a neurosurgeon or a radiologist or neurologist who is a specialist of interventional radiology, and a radiology technician.
- Most patients are sedated before the method. Others — particularly youngsters — are given local anesthesia. The sedation will assist the patient not to feel any pain during the procedure, and sleep all throughout.
- During the procedure, it is essential that the head is stable for which a tape, strap or sandbags may be used to keep it still. It’s very essential to be at lying position during the test.
- The process begins with sterilization of a place in the groin region. A catheter (a long, flexible tube) is then inserted. Then the doctor will thread it via the blood vessels into your carotid artery. This is the blood vessel on the neck that flow blood to the mind.
- The contrast material is injected via the catheter and moves with the flow into the artery. From there, it will pass to the blood vessels in the brain. The patient may have a heated feeling because the comparison dye flows throughthe body. Then the medical doctor will take more than one head and neck X-rays. While they take the scans, you will be asked to be still or maybe to hold your breath for a few seconds.
- Afterwards, the doctor will put off the catheter and put a dressing over the insertion site. The whole procedure commonly takes one to a few hours.
Risks Involved In Cerebral Angiography
Cerebral angiography carries some rare but extreme dangers. They encompass:
- stroke (if the catheter loosens a plaque inside a blood vessel)
- damage to the blood vessels, along with puncturing of an artery
- blood clots, that can form around the catheter tip
Be certain to talk about all the dangers carefully with your physician.
Following Up After Cerebral Angiography
After the procedure, the patient is transferred to a recuperation room in which the patient lies still for two to 6 hours before going home. At home, the patient needs to be careful about not raising heavy objects or over exerting themselves for at least one week. Call the doctor immediately if you experience any of the following:
- signs of a stroke, along with slurred speech, weak point, numbness
- redness and swelling at the catheter insertion site
- swelling or coldness of the leg or foot
- chest ache
When these problems arise, a radiologist will treat them. Your physician will discuss the side effects with you and speak about the treatment.
Cost Of Treatment For Cerebral Angiography
The following factors determine the cost involved inCerebral Angiography:
- Hospital that patient chooses for the procedure
- Fees for the visiting specialist
- Cost of medicines
- Cost of the test
- Cost of surgery
- Cost of follow-up care