Classification of Bone Marrow Cancer
Bone marrow cancer is classified into the following:
Multiple Myeloma: The plasma cells are affected in this type of bone marrow cancer. The uncontrollable growth of malignant plasma cells leads to a decreased production of healthy ones leading to weakening of the bones.
Lymphomas: Originating in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, lymphomas prevent these cells to fight infection or stop bleeding.
Leukemia: Leukemia does not limit itself to the white blood cells only and can even affect the red blood cells. Their growth is either fast (categorized as acute) or slow (categorized as chronic).
Symptoms of Bone Marrow Cancer
Below is listed the common symptoms of bone marrow cancer:
Diagnosis of Bone Marrow Cancer
Bone marrow aspiration: A sample of soft tissue is extracted from the bones. It is performed to check the production of blood cells by the bone marrow.
Bone marrow biopsy: A small piece of marrow is extracted through bone marrow biopsy to check for abnormalities in the blood cells and presence of any disease.
Complete Blood Count: To check the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and level of hemoglobin.
Imaging Tests: Imaging tests like chest x-rays, ultrasound, CT scan and MRI Scan are performed to check the spread of bone cancer in the body and its effects on the other organs.
Lumbar Puncture: Also known as spinal tap, a lumbar puncture is performed to extract the cerebrospinal fluid to check for the spread of the bone marrow cancer in the spine.
Treatment procedures of Bone Marrow Cancer
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is provided to kill the bone marrow cancer cells. The drugs are provided either in the form of pills or are provided through intravenous channels.
Immunotherapy: Unlike chemotherapy, the immunotherapy drugs improve the body’s immune system so as to fight the cancer.
Targeted therapy: In targeted therapy, the drugs provided specifically target and kill the cancer cells without harming the other healthy cells.
Stem Cell Transplant: After a chemotherapy session, stem cell transplant is performed to replace the damaged stem cells with that of healthy ones from a suitable donor.
Factors Affecting the Cost of Bone Marrow Cancer Treatment
The following factors affect the treatment cost of leukemia:
The hospital, the patient chooses.
Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
The type of leukemia treatment suggested by the hematologist.
Fee for the team of doctors.
Standard test and diagnostic procedures.
Cost of the follow –up care required after the procedure.