Glandular Cancer or Adenocarcinoma is a kind of disease that forms in the glandular cells. These cells discharge substances inside or out of the body and are found in most of the organs of the body. Generally, these cells secrete mucous, enzymes, hormones or sometimes lubricating fluids. Glandular Cancer starting in one organ may spread to different zones of the body.
Viewpoint, treatment, and survival rates for Glandular cancer rely upon the tumor's area, size, stage, and individual elements, including a person's wellbeing. Glandular Cancer represents the dominant part of malignancies in the following body parts:
Glandular Cancer’s growth can happen in different parts of the body. Unfortunately, there is no symptomatic test or rundown of the symptoms that can affirm it. The onset of cancer can usher some unusual side effects that people who suffer from this disease might start to experience. The following are the indications that may flag the beginning of Glandular Cancer:
- Brain or Skull: Headaches, queasiness, spewing, seizures, obscured vision, identity changes, odd sensations in the legs or arms, or changes in thought pattern
- Lung: Coughing, blood in mucous, hoarseness, weight reduction, feeling tired and weak
- Breast: A protuberance or other unordinary development in the bosom
- Prostate: Pain while urinating, bladder control issues, increase in feeling pressure to urinate during night, blood in semen and pain at the time of discharge of semen
- Pancreas: Reduction in weight, stomach and backaches, light-colored stool and skin irritation
- Colon: Feeling of fullness in bowels, blood in stool, pain in the stomach, bleeding in the rectum and loss of weight without any relevant cause
Glandular cancer may be diagnosed with several tests to confirm the diagnosis. Tests may include the following:
- Biopsy: A small sample of the tissue is removed and tested for malignancy. Biopsy may also reveal where cancer originated in the body as some types of cancers are metastatic spreading from one area to another.
- Imaging scans: A computerized tomography (CT) scan may be done to get three-dimensional pictures of the unwanted growth. CT scans help doctors to access their line of treatment and alter it according to the current status of the patient. Alternatively, MRI may be done to get an inside view of the affected organ or area of the body.
- Blood tests: Blood tests are also done to detect cancer. Certain changes in the chemical composition of the blood may additionally be related to specific cancers. For instance, in Glandular Cancer of the prostrate the prostate-specific substance (PSA) levels change suggesting cancer.
Treatment for glandular carcinoma depends on the condition of cancer, its size, location and spread. An oncologist will also contemplate how healthy the person is, whether he/she will be able to withstand the treatment as the treatment procedures can induce serious side effects. Treatment choices include:
Surgical removal of the tumor is a common route for treatment recommended in several types of Glandular cancer. However, it may be safe in some cases such as removal of lump of glandular cancer from the breast while it may be serious and life-threatening as in the removal of brain tumor. Some doctors may also recommend radiofrequency ablation, a technique in which energy waves are used to shrink or completely disintegrate tumor. The lymph nodes present in the surrounding area of the tumor may also be destroyed or removed simultaneously.
During chemotherapy anti-cancer drugs are injected into the vein.
In this treatment the malignant cancerous cells are destroyed, however, some of the healthy cells may also be killed simultaneously. Many patients undergoing chemotherapy become chronically sick or lose their hair or experience alternative symptoms. As a repercussion, patients undergoing chemotherapy may have to take other treatments to manage chemotherapy or stay in the hospital during chemo.
Some medicinal drugs are specifically designed to focus on the malignant cancer cells, providing a less dangerous therapy. The implementation of those medicines depends on the kind of cancer and a person's health.
Radiation uses high-energy waves to kill cancer cells. As in chemotherapy, the radiation may also kill some healthy cells.
Immunotherapy uses medications that support the body’s defense system to kill cancer. These medicines prolong life, however, cancer is not cured with this therapy. But these medicines offer the advantage of fewer negative effects than either chemotherapy or radiation. The availability of immunotherapy medicines depends on the kind of cancer, its stage, and also the overall health of the person with cancer.
Cost of Treatment for Glandular Cancer
The following factors determine the cost involved in treating Glandular cancer:
- Hospital that patient chooses for his/her treatment
- Fees for the visiting oncologist
- Cost of medicines
- Cost of tests and diagnostic procedures
- Cost of surgery
- Cost of follow-up care