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Valve Replacement Surgery

Valve Replacement Surgery is performed to repair or replace diseased heart valves. It is mostly an open heart surgery in which the surgeon opens the chest and heart to remove the damaged valve. There are 4 valves in the heart.

  • Aortic Valve & Mitral Valve: These are the commonly replaced valves
  • Pulmonary and Tricuspid Valve: Replacement of these valves are uncommon in adults.


In the following sections, know about

  1. The types of Valve Replacement Surgery

  2. Cost of Heart Valve Replacement Surgery

  3. Symptoms,Diagnosis and Medical tests needed for Valve Replacement

  4. Leading Doctors and Hospitals for Heart Valve Replacement 

  5. Frequently asked questions about Valve Replacement Surgery


      Treatments and Cost Related to Valve Replacement

      Mitral Valve Replacement Starting USD 5500
      Aortic Valve Replacement Starting USD 6000
      Heart Double Valve Replacement Starting USD 10500

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      More About Valve Replacement Surgery

        Symptoms for Valve Replacement

        Main signs of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Many people having heart valve disease don't have any symptoms until they're middle-aged or older. The main signs and symptoms include:

        • Unusual fatigue (tiredness) or weakness
        • Shortness of breath or difficulty catching your breath
        • Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen, and veins in the neck
        • Fluttering, racing, or irregular heartbeat.
        • Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)
        • Inability to maintain regular activity level
        • Light-headedness or loss of consciousness

        Treatments for heart valve disorders mostly depends on the severity of the disorder and symptoms.


        Medical Tests For Detecting Valve Replacement

        For the diagnosis of heart valve disease, the doctor will firstly check for the signs and symptoms. Then a physical examination is performed. The commonly advised test are:

        • Echocardiography
        • Electrocardiogram
        • Chest-X ray
        • Cardiac catheterization
        • Stress test
        • Cardiac MRI


        Medications For Patients with Valve problem

        The commonly prescribes medicines are:

        • Beta –blockers & calcium channel blockers: These control the heart rate and blood flow
        • Diuretics: To reduce fluid retention
        • Vasodilators : These drugs open or dilate blood vessels


        About Valve  Surgery

        The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia & the procedure takes 2-4 hours.

        • Patient is shifted to the operating room & GA is administered
        • Patient’s heart is stopped & they are is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine performs the work of the heart, providing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide.
        • Open Heart Surgery: Surgeon makes a large surgical cut in the breastbone to reach the heart and aorta.
        • Minimally Invasive Surgery: In this procedure very small cuts are made or it is performed by using a catheter, which is inserted through the skin.
        • Valve repair : If the valve can be repaired ,then the surgeon will repair it by 
        • Ring annuloplasty: The ring-like part around the valve is repaired by sewing a ring of plastic, cloth, or tissue around the valve.
        • Valve repair:  In this the surgeon trims, shapes, or rebuilds one or more of the leaflets of the valve. The leaflets are flaps that open and close the valve.
        • Valve replacement: If the valve is too damaged, a new valve is put. In this the surgeon will remove the old valve and put a new one in place. The main types of new valves are:
        • Mechanical – This is made of man-made materials, such as metal (stainless steel or titanium) or ceramic. After the procedure, patient is advised to take blood-thinning medicine for the rest of their life
        • Biological – This is made of human or animal tissue. These valves last 12 to 15 years, and the patient may not need to take blood thinners for life.
        • Incision will be closed with sutures or surgical staples and a sterile bandage or dressing will be applied.


        Factors Affecting Cost of Valve Replacement Surgery

        Following are the factors which will affect the treatment cost:

        • The hospital patient is opting for.
        • Room –Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate, and room service).
        • Operating room, ICU
        • Fee for the team of doctors (Surgeons ,Anesthesist ,Physiotherapist ,Dietician )
        • Medicines
        • Standard test and diagnostic procedures
        • Cost of valve


        FAQs for Valve Replacement Surgery


        • When is heart valve surgery required?
        • Surgery is required when an individual experiences heart valve stenosis or regurgitation and the associated symptoms cannot be managed with medication.


        • What are the risks of heart valve surgery?
        • As with any surgical procedure, patients undergoing heart valve surgery are at risk of infection, reaction to anaesthesia or excessive bleeding. Other risks related to heart valve surgery may abnormal heart rhythms, valve leakage, blood clots, stroke, heart failure and death.


        • How long will the heart valve last?
        • In some patients valves have lasted as long as 25 years without problems. But they are chances that new artificial valve could last for the rest of your life. There are cases when valve has to be replaced within a matter of years or months, for a number of reasons.


        • Will the new valve need any special care?
        • Patient will be advised to take blood thinners after the replacement.


        • Is it safe to have an x-ray or MRI after the valve replacement?
        • All replacement heart valves are completely safe with x-ray examinations or MRI.


        • Can a heart valve set off airport security?
        • No. Airport security systems have no effect on replacement valves. They are not likely to activate airport security alarms, depending on the sensitivity of the security settings.


        • When can a patient return to their normal activities after surgery?
        • A complete recovery after valve replacement can take several months and this will also depend on the patient’s general health before the surgery.


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