Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Cervical Cancer
1. What is cancer ?
Cancer is uncontrolled growth of cells.
2. How can cervical cancer be prevented ?
Cervical cancer can be prevented by regular screening of women by Pap Smear testing and administering HPV vaccine to girls.
3. What is metastatic cervical cancer ?
Metastatic cervical cancer means when the cancer cells spread to other part of body.
4. What are the 5 year survival rate of cervical cancer ?
The chances of living for at least five years after being diagnosed with cervical cancer are:
- stage 1 – 80-99%
- stage 2 – 60-90%
- stage 3 – 30-50%
- stage 4 – 20%
5. Which age group gets mostly affected by cervical cancer ?
The condition mainly affects sexually active women aged between 30 and 45. Cervical cancer is very rare in women under 25.
6. What are the warning sign to seek medical opinion ?
It is important to seek medical help when there is
Unusual abnormal bleeding that is
- bleeding after sex (postcoital bleeding)
- bleeding in between periods
- bleeding after menopause
7. What is staging of cancer and how does it help ?
Staging is the process of finding the location & extent of the cancer as to where it has spread & whether it is affecting the other parts of the body. Having a knowledge of staging helps
- Understand the severity of the cancer and the survival chances.
- Plan the best treatment option accordingly.
8. What is Pap Smear testing ?
In pap smear testing a sample of cells is taken from cervix with a swab /brush and checked under microscope for abnormalities of cells , so that changes can be monitored and treated as early as possible.
9. What does prognosis of cervical cancer depend on ?
The prognosis of cervical cancer depends upon the stage it is diagnosed and type of cervical cancer as well as general health of patient .
When detected at an early stage the 5 year survival rate is between 80-99 percent .
10. What is cervical dysplasia and does it indicate cancer cervix ?
Cervical dysplasia means abnormal cells on the surface of cervix ,No, Cervical dysplasia is not cervical cancer .Usually the dysplasia goes on its own, occasionally it could develop into cancer , it is recommended to monitor the changes by regular pap smear testing and HPV testing .
11. How is HPV related to cervical cancer ?
When exposed to HPV usuallywe are protected by ourimmune system , however in some the HPV virus survives for years and ultimately leads to conversion of normal cells into cancerous ones . HPV virus (HPV 16 and HPV 18) are known to be responsible for 70% of all cases of cervical cancer.